İngilizcede Negatif Cümle Kurma, Negatif Cümle Yapısı
|AM NOT||HAVE NOT||WILL NOT||DO NOT|
İngilizce de negatif cümle yapmak için, yardımcı fiilden hemen sonra not gitirilir.
Yardımcı fiiller: be(am/is/are), have/has/had, will, would, can, could, shall, should, may, might, must.
|It is not raining.||I have not seen Bill.||She cannot understand me.|
Konuşma dilinde genellikle kısaltmaları kullanırız:
aren't, isn't wasn't weren't haven't hasn't hadn't won't=will not, wouldn't can't couldn't shan't shouldn't mustn't
Şu tarz kullanım da söz konusudur:
I'm not, He's not, she's not v.s.
Aşağıdaki örnek cümleleri inceleyelim:
- Dogs can swim. Dogs can't fly.
- Milk is white. Milk isn't red.
- The children are at school. The children aren't at home.
- Joe has been to Japan. Joe hasn't been Japan.
- You must give this letter to Ann. You mustn't give this letter to her mother.
- I'm Scottish. I'm not English.
Aşağıdaki olumsuz örnek cümleleri inceleyelim:
- I can't speak German.
- I can't dance.
- I can't play chess.
- I can't ride a horse.
- I can't understand maths.
Eğer olumlu cümlede yardımcı fiil söz konusu değilse, cümle geniş zaman ya da geçmiş zamanla kurulmuş olabilir. O zaman da olumsuz cümle kurmak için, do/does/did yardımcı fiillerinden sonra not getiririz.
Aşağıdaki örnek cüleleri inceleyelim:
- Cats eat meat. Cats don't eat potatoes.
- Cervantes wrote Don Quixote. Mozart didn't write Don Quixote.
- Shakespeare lived in London. Shakespeare didn't live in New York.
- Dics tell you about words. Phone books don't tell about words.
- Most Algerians speak Arabic. Most Algerians don't speak Russian.
- John knows my parents. John doesn't know my sister.
- Fridges keep food cold. Cookers don't keep food cold.
Aşağıdaki negatif cümleleri inceleyelim.
- What is the time. I don't know.
- What was the film like? It wasn't very good.
- I haven't seen Joe for weeks. Is he OK?
- Can I see you tomorrow? I won't be here. How about Tuesday?
- She couldn't buy the coat. It was too expensive.